In California you can purchase 2 over the counter deer tags a season. Almost all of those are buck only tags. I know of one that is either sex, and you can only get one of those. Then there are a couple doe lottery tags.
CA has been a buck only state since about the ’50s. The CDFW had a antlerless rifle hunt back then, and the public’s perception was too many does were harvested. Even though the CDFW did not agree. Because of the concern, a law came about which allowed a County to veto state sanctioned antlerless hunts. The state has become so frustrated with trying to institute doe hunts and having them vetoed by County politicians, that they don’t even try to set up antlerless hunts any more. Most CDFW biologists just call what they do monitoring instead of managing now.